As deportations of unauthorized immigrants rose under President Donald Trump, some churches and cities declared themselves sanctuaries and shielded migrants from immigration enforcement.

Sanctuary Cities: An Uproar That Began Long Ago

Producer: Scott Michels
Editor: Anne Checler
Reporters: Meral Agish and Sarah Weiser

As the Trump administration began to aggressively enforce the nation’s immigration laws, churches and cities across the country declared themselves “sanctuaries” – and pledged to protect undocumented immigrants from deportation. But it was just the latest resurgence of a movement that started more than 30 years ago, when hundreds of churches defied the government to protect undocumented immigrants from Central America.

In the early 1980s, thousands of Central American refugees, fleeing from civil wars and political violence, started coming across the U.S.-Mexico border.  Many of them made it to Tucson, where a Presbyterian minister named John Fife began to help them apply for political asylum. But when Fife realized that the U.S. government routinely denied the migrants’ asylum claims, he helped start a modern day underground railroad: he and small group of church workers and other allies smuggled migrants across the border and gave them “sanctuary” in churches. Soon, hundreds of churches and synagogues joined him in what became a nationwide sanctuary movement.  The movement led to a national confrontation between religious beliefs and the law – a confrontation that continues to play out.

Transcript Lesson Plan

More on the Story

The Sanctuary Movement: A Long Slow Battle The Takeaway
‘The Daily’: Tracing the Origin of the Sanctuary City The New York Times podcast 'The Daily'
Related Coverage
Trump and the Battle Over Sanctuary in America The New York Times
Sanctuary movement parallels one that defied Reagan Santa Fe New Mexican