Back to Standards Index: National Council for the Social Studies C3 Framework
Standards Index: D2.Civ.13.9-12.
Find lessons and videos that align with D2.Civ.13.9-12.
Evaluate public policies in terms of intended and unintended outcomes, and related consequences.
How the Military Response to 9/11 Led to Two Decades of War in Afghanistan
Students will learn how the U.S. military response to the 9/11 attacks led to decades of war and a chaotic ending."
The War on Terror and the Debate Over Torture
Students will learn about the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, focusing on the use of “enhanced interrogation techniques” and the ensuing calls for accountability.
Aftermath of the War on Terror
Students will learn how the climate of fear and panic following the 9/11 attacks resulted in the arrest and imprisonment of innocent Arab immigrants.
The video segments for this activity come from “American Reckoning,” a Frontline and Retro Report collaboration that examines a little-known story of the civil rights movement.
Atomic Fears and the Arms Race: Nuclear Testing
Students will learn how the nuclear arms race impacted different aspects of society – including soldiers who were exposed to radiation during early atomic testing – and how it continues to impact them today.
Campaigns and Elections: The 2000 Election
Students will learn why the 2000 presidential election, a race between George W. Bush and Al Gore, was decided by the Supreme Court, and how that led to changes that continue to influence our elections today.
Coronavirus: Lessons From Past Epidemics
Students will learn lessons from history for dealing with the coronavirus, COVID-19, pandemic by understanding the connections to previous global public health campaigns to eradicate smallpox and polio.
Dr. Martin Luther King at Gee’s Bend
Students will learn the history of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s fight for voting rights in Gee’s Bend, Ala., a town whose status today shows both the achievements and unfinished work of King’s movement.
Emergence of the AIDS Crisis
Students will learn the historical context of the AIDS crisis in the United States in the 1980s, and where it stands today.
From Watergate to Campaign Finance Reform
Students will learn how the Watergate break-in and the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon changed the way political campaigns were funded, and what that means for today.
George C. Wallace and the Politics of Segregation
Students will learn how Alabama Gov. George Wallace’s evolving positions on race reveal both the intensity of the white backlash to desegregation during the 60s and the growing political power of the black community during the 70s and early 80s.
How the U.S. Has Treated Wartime Refugees
Students will examine the question of what obligation countries have to refugees. As Afghan and Ukrainian migrants settle in the U.S., this video asks whether refugee resettlement is better now than it was for the Vietnamese 50 years ago.
Immigration in the 1990s: Proposition 187
Students will learn about the anti-immigration movement in California in the 1990s, and why it is relevant today.
McCarthyism: Populism and the Press
Students will learn how Joseph McCarthy rode to power on a wave of anti-communist fears, and how television contributed to both his rise and fall.
Public Policy: Welfare Reform
Students will learn how President Bill Clinton signed a welfare bill to reform a program created as part of the New Deal in 1935; and how the bill has reshaped the relationship between poor Americans and the government.
Race, the Media and the Myth of the ‘Crack Baby’
Students will learn how the news media contributed to a false narrative about the fate of babies born to mothers with addiction problems, what that narrative teaches us about the role of perspective and historical context, and how that false narrative continues to influence us today.
Sanctuary Cities: An Uproar That Began Long Ago - Mini-Lesson
Students will learn about how as deportations of unauthorized immigrants rose under President Donald Trump, some churches and cities declared themselves sanctuaries and shielded migrants from immigration enforcement.
Suffrage for Black Women
Students will learn how Black women have often been at the forefront of activism and advocacy relating to ballot access, voter suppression, and the right to vote.
The Battle for Votes: Gerrymandering
Students will learn the causes and effects of gerrymandering, and how court decisions authorizing race-based gerrymandering have reshaped American politics and created complex legacies.
The Birth of the Environmental Movement: DDT and Rachel Carson
Students will learn how the U.S. government came to develop environmental protection policies and what that means today as we struggle to balance the risk between pesticides and disease.
The Civil Rights Movement Expands: Busing
Students will learn what happened in 1971 when the U.S. Supreme Court authorized the use of cross-town busing to desegregate schools, and why much of the integration achieved through busing has unraveled in the last two decades.
The Clinton Presidency: “Zero Tolerance”
Students will learn the social and political forces that led schools to adopt “zero tolerance” discipline policies in the 1980s and 1990s, and the racially unequal consequences of these policies today.
The Cold War Space Race
Students will learn how the United States space program was fueled by Cold War rivalry, and how the U.S. government leveraged the program’s success in its public relations battle with the Soviet Union.
The Cold War: From the Truman Doctrine to the Berlin Airlift
Students will learn how the Berlin Airlift helped protect Berlin from Soviet control, contributed to the rise of NATO and set the tone for the Cold War.
The Environment and Natural Resources: Wild Horses
Students will learn about efforts in the early 1970s to enhance environmental regulation and species protections and what happens when those policies lead to conflict – in this case over the wild horse.
The Korean War
Students will learn how President Harry Truman’s use of presidential power during the Korean War continues to influence U.S. foreign policy and military engagements around the world today.
The Moral Panic Over “Superpredators”
Students will learn how politicians of both parties used flawed predictions about the rise of a new class of youthful offenders known as superpredators to justify a series of dramatic changes to the nation’s criminal justice system during the 1990s.
The War on Drugs: The New Face of Heroin
Students will learn the origin and racial context of America’s multi-decade war on drugs, and the impact the changing demographics of heroin users have had on the debate and public policy.